CFRB-AM 1010 KHz - CFRX-SW 6.070 MHz Toronto, Ontario, Canada

A new Nautel NX-50 (50 kw solid state AM transmitter) was installed at the site in July of 2018.                                                                                                                           For those wanting a QSL card, I'd appreciate your support to help cover the mailing costs.  This volunteer QSLing service has been a labour of love for over 29 years.  As a postage guidelin

   $1 Canadian funds, $2 U.S. funds, 2 Euros, or, 1 International Reply Coupon. It really helps when you sens along return postage.


CFRB (1010 kHz), began broadcasting February 27,1927. The original transmitter site was at Aurora, Ontario, and the approximate power was 15 kW. Tubes used in the first transmitters were manufactured by the Rogers vacuum tube company. Indeed, the name of the radio station reflects the Rogers involvement in radio broadcasting, "Canada's First Rogers Batteryless".

In 1946, a new transmitter site was opened at Clarkson, Ontario (the present site), and was the first 50 kW DA-2 array in the British Commonwealth. The array was four 250' towers, fed by open-wire transmission lines from the phasing system within the main building. The transmitters were by RCA, a BT50-F and a BT10-F (50 kW and 10 kW). The normal operating power into the array (Day and Night patterns) was 50 kW.

In 1971, two new 550' towers were erected and the phasing equipment location was changed to the largest of the four field buildings. Construction planning was such that the technical staff was able to switch between the "old" array and the "new" array with minimal loss of air time, to facilitate adjustment of the tuning and phasing equipment for the new array (two towers were common to both arrays).

In 1981, the present facility was opened, utilizing the existing field equipment, but providing a completely new Main Building, with new 50 kW transmitters and control equipment. Again, planning was such that the cutover was made to the new building on April 6, 1981, with less than 10 seconds of lost air time.

The transmitters were built by Continental Electronics of Dallas, Texas, and are designated Model 317C-2. They are capable of a maximum output power of 61 kW at 100% modulation. The final amplifier stage uses two high power tetrode tubes connected in a high-efficiency screen-modulated amplifier, known in the industry as the Weldon Linear. The transmitters are equipped with an automatic power cutback to 12.5 kW in the event of an antenna system fault.

The program material for CFRB is relayed to the transmitter site by two methods. The first is a stereo, 950 MHz link. The second is a pair of matched stereo lines from 2 St. Clair Avenue West to the transmitter site. CFRB transmits in C-QUAM AM stereo, which is the only type of AM-stereo system allowed in Canada. This system operates in a classic manner, with the L+R information amplitude modulating the carrier to the maximum of 1.0 radians, for 100% L-R. In the receiver, this information is recovered by conventional amplitude and phase detection methods, and added algebraically to produce the resultant L and R information. The math is: (L+R) + (L-R) = 2L; (L+R) - (L-R) = 2R. There are decoder chips available for this system.

Control of the CFRB Transmitter Plant is done from the remote point of the studios, through a custom system, utilizing FSK methods, and manufactured by Uni-Tel. At the transmitter site, commands are interpreted by, and some indications are given back with, a CFRB-designed Plant Control System, based around a Struthers-Dunn Process Controller. This microprocessor-based dedicated device does the necessary operations and status checks to permit (for example), a five step pattern change to be accomplished in about 310 milliseconds, with greater safeguards for the equipment than would be possible in a relay-based system of comparable size and cost. The controller also continously investigates the status of certain equipment and sounds alarms if out-of-limits conditions exist.

CFRX (6.070 MHz), began broadcasting at 7:30 am on February 11th, 1937. CFRX has always been co-sited with CFRB, but has used a separate antenna system.  The original antenna system consisted of two 50' vertical towers, configured for a directional radiation pattern to the north-west. The present CFRX array consists of one 50' vertical and provides an omni-directional pattern.

The original CFRX transmitter was designed and built by CFRB technical personnel at the first CFRB transmitter site in Aurora, Ontario. The power output of CFRX has always been 1,000 watts, although in the latter years with the old transmitter, that was difficult to maintain. Problems continued to appear in the operation and maintenance of the original homebuilt transmitter, with a resulting deterioration in audio quality.

Early in 1983 the decision was made to purchase and install a new 1 kW transmitter for CFRX. This transmitter was delivered in December of 1983 and was commissioned December 31. The new facility is located in a room next to the CFRB transmitters. The transmitter was manufactured by Elcom-Bauer of Sacramento, California. (You can see a picture of the 'old' CFRX transmitter in the Photos section of this site). The design is basically their Model 701B, with the tank circuit of the final stage redesigned and an RF driver stage added after the standard RF oscillator card. The transmitter is now designated a 701B-HF. It is a classic plate-modulated design and is capable of producing high levels of modulation continuously, as is required for a 24-hour-a-day operation of CFRX.

The program material is derived from the same links as used for CFRB and is processed at the CFRX audio rack, using CRL processors. The programming is a simulcast of CFRB.

A new solid state shortwave transmitter made by Armstrong Transmitter Corporation (see there web site in the Links section) replaced the Elcom Bauer a few years ago.  The transmitter is capable of a little over 1,000 watts output but its been turned down to about 900 watts. The new CFRX transmitter is actually a redesigned AM transmitter.


Reception reports for CFRB and CFRX are always welcome and a QSL card is sent out upon receiving an accurate report.  Reports may be emailed too:  Or mail reports to: CFRB/CFRX c/o Steve Canney 1831 Waterdown Rd., Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7P 5A2  Return postage is recommended to help me out.  $2 Canadian funds, $2 U.S. funds, 2 Euros. Another route is to include an International Reply Coupon (IRC).  Postal rates have gone up again here in Canada (January 2019) and its becoming very expensive to mail things out, specifically to international listeners.